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What is a Building Foundation? How Should Earthquake-Resistant Foundations Be Built?

One of the most basic elements of architectural design is the building foundation. The foundation is a solid structure that will support the weight of the building and increase the structure’s resistance to tremors or other natural disasters. In this article, we will discuss what foundations are and how to make a storage durable foundation.

Foundations are structural elements that support the weight of a structure. If they are not constructed properly, the building may be at risk of collapse. In such a situation, human life may also be in danger. Therefore, an appropriate foundation design should be selected depending on the intended use of the building.

Foundation Construction Process

For the construction of the foundation, first the land is examined and a suitable foundation type is determined. Foundation types include foundation plate, strip foundation, pile foundation, foundation curtain.

The quality of the materials to be used in foundation construction is also important. Generally concrete, iron reinforcement, sand and gravel are used. The materials are mixed in appropriate proportions and poured into the foundation mold. Then, the mold is processed with a roller or flattener to obtain a smooth surface.

It is also very important to comply with engineering calculations and take the necessary safety precautions during the foundation construction process. Therefore, experts who have engineering knowledge as well as architectural design must work.

How Should Earthquake-Resistant Foundations Be Made?

An earthquake-resistant foundation must, first of all, be based on ground investigation. Ground survey, ground durability, hardness, etc. It is carried out by analyzing the factors. As a result of this analysis, relevant engineers will have the information to design an appropriate foundation according to the weight of the building.

Another important factor is the depth of the foundation. In order to build an earthquake-resistant foundation, the depth of the foundation must be sufficient. This is even more important in areas with intense seismic activity. Deep foundations offer many different design options that better anchor the structure to the ground and provide greater durability to the structure during an earthquake.

Another important factor is the foundation material. Usually, a concrete foundation is used, but a special concrete mix can be used for an earthquake-resistant foundation design. This may vary depending on the weight of the building, ground conditions and other environmental factors.

Finally, the foundation design must be constructed correctly. Mistakes made can reduce the durability of the foundation and damage the structure during an earthquake. Therefore, the construction of the foundation should be managed by an experienced engineer and each step taken should be carefully examined.

Ultimately, the durability and safety of a building depends on a solid foundation design. An earthquake-resistant foundation design should be made based on ground survey, at the appropriate depth, with the right materials and constructed correctly. This will ensure that the building remains intact and people are safe during the earthquake.

You can find our article in which we examine which foundation type should be chosen according to building characteristics, here.

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